CALCIUM is the most abundant mineral in the body. It is found mainly in the bones and teeth and to some extent in the soft tissues. It works with phosphorus to build bones and teeth. It is needed for normal growth, to keep the heart healthy and for muscle activity. It speeds up healing and is essential for pregnancy and lactation. Calcium is a natural tranquilizer and will calm stressed nerves. Sources: Milk, cheese, yogurt, egg yolk, dark green leafy vegetables, green beans, salmon, sardines with bones, kelp, sesame seeds, almonds, sunflower seeds, figs, prunes. Kale is particularly high, as are dandelion, turnip greens, and parsley.
CALENDULA Calendula Officinalis
Parts Used: Flowerheads & Petals
Wisdom Calendula's "Herb of the Sun" healing properties derive in large part from it being a storehouse of solar energies, which are considered a form of nourishment. Calendula is sunlight congealed in an essence. It is absorbed by the body and plays a vital role in all metabolic functions. Calendula is a catalyzer and nutritive accessory factor, somewhat like vitamins. A form of "light medicine," it provides the benefits of solar therapy without the harmful effects of sun exposure. Elements: Gold, Light, Sun.
Science Renowned for its extraordinary healing benefits, Calendula is one of the best-known herbal remedies for the treatment of local skin conditions like minor burns, cuts, bruises, rashes, and bug bites. Applied topically, it helps protect clean wounds against infection as they begin to heal. An antispasmodic and emmenagogue, it has also traditionally been used in the treatment of female hormonal health, especially during menstruation, and is known to assist with the drainage of inflamed lymph nodes.
A potent anti-aging treatment packed full of antioxidants, Calendula can significantly improve the appearance of skin as it targets sun damage and age spots and smoothes existing scars, wrinkles, and marks. The extraordinary flower's plumping and brightening effects bring the skin to youthful radiance.
Evidence-based research: Current studies confirm the wound-healing and skin soothing properties of calendula. A clinical study using a cream made from calendula extract was shown in vivo to increase skin tightness, enhance skin hydration and increased elastic and viscoelastic surface parameters. An in vitro study confirmed the antioxidant effects of calendula and showed significant protection against oxidative stress in a human skin culture model. Calendula was shown in vitro to stimulate cell proliferation and migration of fibroblasts. Constituents: Flavonoids, Triterpenoid & Steroidal saponins, Carotenoids, Bitter resin (calendulin), Mucilage & Polysaccharides, Volatile oils.
CARROT seed oil is rich in beta-carotene, vitamins A, B, C, D and E, as well as essential fatty acids. Carrot oil also has antiseptic and potent antioxidant properties. It is also known to delay the aging process with continued use due to its rejuvenation properties and is beneficial in skin cream and oils for everyday application to nourish, tighten, and revitalize skin. True cold-pressed carrot oil is also said to improve skin tone, elasticity, and help restore the optimal nutritional status of skin tissue.
CASTOR seed oil is used for various abdominal ailments, headaches, inflammatory conditions, muscle pains, appendicitis, epilepsy, hemorrhoids, constipation, intestinal obstructions (i.e. gall bladder), hyperactivity in children, skin eruptions and lesions, and helps to cleanse the liver. Castor oil has potent anti-inflammatory properties and skin-plumping essential fatty acids. It is also healing and cleansing and works to dissolve impurities and unblocks congested pores.
CHOLINE & INOSITOL are members of the B complex family and work together as part of lecithin and are essential for proper fat metabolism. Lecithin is necessary for the synthesis of DNA and RNA. It reduces excessive deposits of fat and cholesterol in the liver and arteries and is essential for healthy nerves. It also regulates liver and gallbladder. Sources: Lecithin, egg yolks, green leafy vegetables, unprocessed whole grains, citrus fruits, nuts.
CHROMIUM is essential for the function of insulin, enzymes, and hormones. It helps to metabolize cholesterol, utilize sugar and synthesize heart protein. Sources: Whole grains, mushrooms, green peppers, broccoli, grapes, oranges, and cheese.
CO2 EXTRACTS are obtained by pressurizing carbon dioxide until it becomes a liquid. The liquid carbon dioxide then acts as a solvent on the natural plant matter and the essential oil content then dissolves in the liquid CO2. The CO2 is then brought back to its gaseous state and what is left is the resulting oil. No trace of a harmful solvent remains in the final product, and heat damages none of the constituents of the oil.
COLD-PRESSING is used mainly to prepare fixed oils derived from fruit, nuts, and seeds; and Essential oils derived from citruses, such as bergamot, orange, lemon, and tangerine. One method involves rolling the fruit over sharp projections that puncture the oil glands. The fruit is then pressed to remove the oil, which is washed off with a fine spray of water. The oil is separated from the water by rotating the oil and water mixture at a very high speed. No chemicals or heat are used in this process maintaining all of the vitamins, minerals, enzymes, vital nutrients, and brilliant natural colors.
COLEUS FORSKOHLI In vitro, this essential oil was found to inhibit the growth of skin pathogens associated with acne and other skin infections caused by Staphylococcus bacterial strains. Constituents: Diterpenoids (labdane; forskolin/coleanol).
COLLAGEN is what holds our cells together and is our most important structural protein that makes up our connective tissues. There are several (15 or more) forms of collagen in the body, and it comprises 25% of the proteins found in our bodies. It is a part of all our organs, arteries, veins, skin, ligaments, tendons, bones, and marrow. Collagen works together with elastin (another structural protein) to maintain connective tissue flexibility or elasticity. Collagen is destroyed by inflammatory processes. Essential to Collagen formation and health are antioxidant anthocyanidins (found in dark red/purple fruits) and vitamin C.
Collagen and gelatin are the same things. Collagen is the term used to refer to what is found in the body tissues, whereas Gelatin is the term referring to the extracted collagen used as food.
COMFREY root and leaf were employed by Eclectic physicians and herbalists in the topical treatment of bruises, ruptures, fresh wounds, ulcers, and swellings. The Eclectic Materia Medica listed comfrey as a valuable vulnerary due to the presence of the constituent allantoin. Reports suggest that allantoin, when in an aqueous solution at a strength of 0.3 percent, has a profound stimulating effect on the epithelial formation. One of the primary historical uses of comfrey was in the topical treatment of tender, inflamed swellings of the skin.
Comfrey root is often added to topical formulations as an emollient and as a trophic protective agent for cracks, bruises, and insect bites. Comfrey is also indicated as an anti-inflammatory in the treatment of poorly healing wounds. These properties are attributed to the presence of allantoin, documented to stimulate granulation and tissue regeneration. Comfrey is also one of the most favorite herbs for the topical treatment of persistent leg ulcers and varicosities.
Evidence-based research: In vivo murine studies on various preparations of comfrey leaf extract showed significant improvement in collagen deposition and reduction of cellular inflammatory infiltrate. Human clinical trials also proved the herb's benefit in treating abrasion wounds and venous leg ulcers. New research shows potential for allantoin, the primary constituent in comfrey root, as a therapy for scar reduction.
COPPER is a trace mineral needed for the formation of hemoglobin, a key component of red blood cells. It facilitates iron absorption, helps the body oxidize vitamin C and metabolize protein. It is needed for proper bone formation and the production of RNA. Copper is also involved in the production of collagen and the protective covering that surrounds nerves. It is an essential part of enzymes that act as antioxidants. Sources: Whole grains, green leafy vegetables, fresh fruits, dried legumes, almonds, mushrooms, cherries and seafood such as lobster, crab, and oysters.